Lagos Management College  

Guiding Principles for Effective Study Time Management

| Consistency | Practicality | Effective Planning | Starting your Study |
| A Thinking Place | Revision Exercises | Rewarding Yourself |
| Suggestions for Passing Tests & Examinations | Time Management Tips |

Below are some essential guiding principles on how to make the best use of your time.

Don't let anything unimportant force you to put off studying when you have planned to. Always start a study session at a fixed time. If you persevere, it will soon become a habit.

It is said that efficient business people always start the day with a list of things and objectives to be achieved. Take a leaf from their book and be as specific as possible in what you plan to achieve at the end of study sessions. Definite goals, in conjunction with your timetable, should give study sessions organisation and purpose.

After the sessions, compare what you have actually learned with the learning objectives set. Knowledge of results and continuous feedback are important principles of effective learning. Monitoring your progress will ensure that you are meeting the targets of your plan. So go back and study areas you don't really know. This will ensure that you will not "jump ahead" without knowing the material you are currently studying. Most subjects are structured on a building block basis, so premature jumping ahead will lead to confusion.

Each study session should be of about one hour's duration Begin each study session with a five-minute review of your Previous night's work. Finish with a five-minute review of the session's work. Use the last five minutes of each study session for a break.

Get up, stretch yourself and walk about.
A good idea would be to do a few physical exercises to keep your blood flowing, such as sit ups, touching your toes and so on. This will keep your body supple and your mind alert. You can't work for long hours without breaks.

Make sure you understand as you go along. This is an extremely important rule. If you do not understand something or think you roughly know what's going on but are still hazy about it, find someone to explain to you as soon as possible.
Don't delay. Most courses are cumulative. Which means that undertaking one concert is crucial to the understanding of the next. If you delay seeking assistance you will soon find yourself in a state of utter confusion. Many students in this position drop out of the course in despair.

Live a balanced life. The study schedule you impose on yourself must take into account your needs as a social being. You must achieve a balance We work best. and think most effectivelv. When we are between study and leisure activities such as at ease in familiar surroundinas. Plan for this: find entertainment, sport and hobbies. Obviously the your own regular study place, where your lectures will closer you get to exams, the less time you should spend on leisure activities.

Effective Planning
Effective planning is one of the most essential elements that will affect your career and future. You must therefore, plan very well and always remember to check your programme of studies to see when your LMC tests have to be completed and submitted.

In planning your study programme, write down the number of weeks to the examination. Deduct for revision. holidays or other commitments. You're left with effective study weeks.

Base on these facts, prepare a plan to see how much time you can devote to each set of lectures and when your tests should be submitted. Each week plan a timetable based on your Plan and your assessment of progress. This weekly timetable will enable you to set your immediate and realistic targets.

We, all work, better if we can see immediate targets - this week Instead of next month. And one lecture is easy to master where five would be alarming.

But more important of all is the feeling of achievement as you mark off each week DONE.

Starting Your Study
One of the most alarming factors of enrolling at a Distance Learning institution must surely be the anxiety you experience about where or how to in order to complete within the contract period. The most common difficulty student's experience is the simple failure to get down to regular concentrated work, which is caused by not working or studying to a plan or a regular study routine.

Therefore, the first step in managing your time effectively is to plan ahead Examinations and to set specific attainable objectives for yourself yourself.

Start by drawing up a monthly, weekly and daily timetable. The advantages of a timetable are the savings in time and effort ,and the efficiency, which results from taking an overall view of your total workload. When beginning to study for the first time you might find it useful to practice studying for short periods until you adapt and develop a rhythm of studying. In any event, take a break of five minutes duration each hour. This will, refresh the mind and bod and help to consolidate your learning.

A Thinking Place
We work best and think most effectivelv. when we're at ease in familiar surroundings. Plan for this: find your own regular study place, where your lectures not be disturbed. Make a rule that, when at home, you'll always study there. Very soon, the habit of returning to it will "switch on" your mind to receptiveness. Organise your study material papers and your pens. See that the lighting is effective, the chair correct, the surroundings quiet and comfortable. Never study on your bed or on an easy chair - this is conducive only to sleep. Let and nothing come between your mind and the work.

Revision Exercises
Revision exercise is very essential to your study and examination success as it helps you to transfer your knowledge from your short-term to your long-term memory. However, to revise effectively, you must:
.::. Re-read the material slowly, making notes of any , important points you may have missed.
.::. Review the main headings, underlined and highlighted sections immediate and realistic targets.
.::. Answer the questions you formed for each module or unit or section.

Rewarding Yourself
It is hard to study, and at times difficult to motivate yourself to continue studying. This is why it is Important for you to reward yourself for each small goal you attained. The reward doesn't need to be big, but can be something you like very much, i.e. a visit with a friend, something nice to eat, watching a TV the programme you enjoy etc,

Success in your studies is only obtained by hard work and perseverance. By using the above techniques and cultivating a positive attitude towards your studies, you will be surprised at the rewarding experience of studying and obtaining good results.

Some Suggestions for Passing Tests and Examinations

1. You are teaching your mind to recall; please . therefore don't copy from the lectures. Also time yourself. Yout Tutors allocate time periods for each test. If you find initially that you cannot set aside a full two or three-hour period at a single sitting then try one question at a tlme. When you have completed the test, Indicate the time taken. Later in your studies, you should, of course, practise sitting the fUll 2 or 3 hours and at single session in preparation for the final exam.

2. When answering questions preferably use A4 line paper (not bound books) and number answer sheets in sequence. Leave a margin on your script for your Tutor's comments.

3. Fill in your name, address, student number, your course code (the course code is indicated on your programme of studies), as well as any other information required on the test return cover page provided with every test. Attach this slip to your test, before submitting it to the college.

4. Your marked script and a guide to the answers will be returned to you.

Some Time Management Tips
Write all-important tests, deadlines and activities on a large monthly calendar. Place it at your study area, where itwill be clearly visible to you.

.::. Determine how much study time you have at your disposal per week, writing down everything you have to do during the following week (e.g. job, meetings, urgent visits, important social gatherings, recreation activities, family time, relaxing, eating, sleeping etc.)

.::. If you have a full-time job, try to study at least 6 hours per week. Those who do not have a full- time job need to invest more time.

.::. Consult your monthly planner, and decide which subject you should deal with during the week, and which section of work you should master every day.

.::. Remember to limit your straight study time to no longer than one hour. It is important to take a ten minute break between study periods to refresh yourself, and give your mind a rest.

.::. Be aware of your energy level in terms of whether you are a morning or evening person and plan accordingly.

.::. Eliminate time wasters.

.::. Avoid procrastination, e.g. "I'll do it tomorrow", .Divide your studying into smaller sections/goals. This helps to avoid feeling overwhelmed. Setting smaller goals makes the task more manageable and less complex.

Make a huge effort to stick to your timetable.

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